Industry article / Analysis of the impact of rapid popularization of industrial robot applications on modern industry
Analysis of the impact of rapid popularization of industrial robot applications on modern industry
The development trends of industrial robots are mainly: modularization and reconfiguration of the structure; open, PC and network control technology; digitization and decentralization of servo drive technology; practical use of multi-sensor fusion technology; working environment design Optimization and flexible operation, as well as network and intelligent aspects of the system. Following the rapid popularization of industrial robot applications, there may be some market developments.
First, the application of Chinese industrial robots is the result of changes in the factor endowment structure. While the economy continues to grow and capital continues to accumulate, the supply of labor is gradually decreasing, the demographic dividend is gradually being exhausted, coupled with the escalation of labor-management conflicts, and the rapid rise in labor costs, China's factor endowment structure is changing. In response to the deepening of capital, the use of industrial robots instead of labor gradually conforms to China's new comparative advantage. Through the use of industrial robots to improve labor productivity, it will effectively drive the transformation and upgrade of traditional industries.
Second, the use of industrial robots promotes the development and upgrading of pillar industries. The use of industrial robots has obvious industrial characteristics, and the density of industrial robots (units / ten thousand workers) varies greatly in different industries. From the perspective of international experience, the application of industrial robots is mostly in the automotive industry, followed by the electrical and electronic industry. According to our research experience in the automotive industry, there are obvious differences between the production workshops of foreign brands and independent brands: most of the former processes are completed by complete sets of industrial robots, only a few processes have workers involved, and the robot density is relatively high; A large number of production workers use less industrial robots, and the robot density is very low. The density of industrial robots in the industry is positively correlated with production efficiency, product quality and performance, and is an important indicator of industrialization. Therefore, increasing the density of applied industrial robots to improve the cost-effectiveness of manufactured products is an important way to improve the quality and competitiveness of pillar industries.
Third, the development of the industrial robot industry has driven the upgrading of China's industry. The industrial robot industry itself belongs to the equipment manufacturing industry, and its own growth can promote the development of the equipment manufacturing industry. Therefore, the wide application of industrial robots will create market demand, and then drive the growth of its own industry, and promote the upgrading of manufacturing in the direction of digitalization and intelligence. China's specific industrial structure will produce a corresponding industrial robot demand structure, creating market opportunities for the development of the local industrial robot industry. Industrial robots are also typical complex products, integrating many advanced technologies and core components. Its development helps drive a number of breakthroughs in basic technology and the enhancement of system integration capabilities.
Fourth, the development of intelligent industrial robots to promote the arrival and development of the third industrial revolution. The third industrial revolution is the transformation of the manufacturing industry from automation to digitalization. Advanced manufacturing technology will transform large-scale assembly lines and flexible manufacturing systems. It will reshape the competitive advantages between countries, the relationship between the second and third industries, the world economic geography The benefit distribution mechanism among countries has far-reaching effects. The third industrial revolution is the innovation and application of manufacturing technologies such as digital manufacturing, artificial intelligence, and industrial robots. Intelligent industrial robots are an important carrier for manufacturing to achieve digitization, intelligence, and informatization.